If you notice a chalky white, yellow, brown or black holes or stains on your teeth or along your gum line, it’s likely you are suffering from tooth decay.
Sugar is the main cause of decay and it is found in many foods we eat and beverages we drink. Bacteria that have settled on a tooth thrive on sugar.
Unfortunately when bacteria and sugar get together a chemical reaction occurs that produces acid, which eats away at the enamel of the tooth leading to decay. Sometimes you may not notice any pain, other times you will suffer from mild sharp pains and tooth sensitivity.
If left untreated, the bacteria will continue to wear away at the enamel until it makes it way to the internal layer of your tooth (dentin) causing infection and swelling. By this stage you will feel more frequent pain and increased sensitivity. It is important to see a dentist at this point to stop the infection spreading.